In the morning of September 9, 2016, VEPR’s Chinese Economics Studies (VCES) has organized VCES Annual Conference 2016 titled “China under Xi Jinping: New strategic competition in the region?” at room 801, University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University.
Participants were experts, leading scholars and researchers in the fields of economics, politics, and diplomacy from many prestigious research institutions, lecturers and students from universities, and reporters from media agencies.
Dr. Nguyen Duc Thanh – President of Viet Nam Institute for Economic and Policy Research (VEPR) gave the opening remarks and introduction on VEPR’s Chinese Economics Studies (VCES) and key activities of VCES. The VCES Annual Conference is the forum for scholars and researchers to exchange experiences and ideas on Chinese Economy and Strategy.
After nearly a term under Xi, China has shown marked changes and divergence on politics, law, military, economics, diplomatics, etc. The 5th VCES Annual Conference focused on the evolution of the changing domestic situation, foreign affairs policy of China and assess the impact of this process to the formation of the new strategic competition to gain influence in the Asia – Pacific area.
First, Dr. Pham Sy Thanh – Director of VCES presented a report on “China’s economy under Xi Jinping” with the key issues: (1) The economic challenge China ahead of Xi Jinping; (2) The commitment to the economic reform of the Congress 18 and Plenum 3; (3) China’s economy under Xi Jinping: specific decisions; (4) China’s economy under Xi Jinping: growth or reform?
Next, Mr. Ho Cong Huong – Development Strategy Institute, Ministry of Planning and Invesment, on behalf of Mr. Nguyen Quoc Truong, presented the report titled “China’s One Belt – One Road Initiative, problems ahead and questions of choice for Vietnam Policy”. After an overview of the initiative “One Belt – One Road”, the report summarized the case of China proposed to ASEAN and Vietnam. From that, the report analyzed, evaluated the opportunities for cooperation and pointed out some of the issues raised with Vietnam. Finally, the report proposed a number of policy recommendations for Vietnam before that situation.
The next report on the theme “The role of the Chinese and Chinese new immigrant’s in present strategy of China” by Dr. Duong Van Huy – Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences presented the main contents include: (1) The concept of the Chinese, overseas Chinese and Chinese new immigrants; (2) The situation of Chinese and overseas Chinese distribution in the world and features the same type of Chinese migrants; (3) The role of the Chinese, overseas Chinese to China over the period; (4) The recognition of China’s position on Chinese and overseas Chinese nowsaday.
Mr. Pham Tien – Institute of World Economics and Politics, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences gave a presentation on “The adjustment in the foreign affairs policy of China to the United States since 2012 and implications for other countries in the region”. First, Mr. Pham Tien generalized overall foreign affairs policy of China under the leadership of President Xi Jinping, then, he pointed out the strategic direction for relations with the US. On the US side, he raised the US policy in relation to China. After stating the specific policy measures that China and the United States used, he turned to the problem that relations between the two powers faced by countries in the region.
The final presentation is “Some comments on Chinese studies” by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Cao Doan – Vietnam Institute of Economics, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences. This report presents scientific approaches in the study of Chinese. Going into the research content, the report focuses on the key issues such as new binary economic models in China, the miracle development of China and the paradoxes and the risk of China’s failure.
The discussion part went lively with the comments from many economists and experts. Strong changes of the situation in the country with the change in the foreign policy of China under the leadership of President Xi Jinping is a matter that all experts are interested and eager to get a more comprehensive insight. Besides economic resurgence, the issues related to politics, population, and military strategy of China in recent years are also very concerned by the impact of this country to all areas. Here, scholars not only gave the current situation, analyzed the situation of China and the formation of new strategic competition between the major powers in the region, but also discussed the possible solutions applicable for Vietnam.